A major cause of death across the world is coronary artery disease. Its severity depends on various risk factors like hypertension ,diabetes , smoking, dyslipidemia, obesity, stress and others. A new study found better cardiovascular outcomes by combining yoga and aerobic exercise in obese coronary patients with Type 2 Diabetes.
Published in the March edition of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Dr Naresh Sen set out to establish the beneficial outcomes of obese patients with a commonly related ailment, Type 2 Diabetes when doing aerobics, yoga, or both.
He ran a randomized clinical study with a three years duration . A large group of 750 patients enrolled in this study who had been diagnosed previously with coronary heart disease. They were divided as follows:
- Group 1 aerobic exercise alone (225 people)
- Group 2 yoga alone (240 people)
- Group 3 yoga plus aerobic exercise (285 people).
The patients participated in three sessions of yoga, aerobic exercise, or both each of 6 months duration.
The researchers found almost similar positive changes in Group 1 and Group 2 with respect to reduction of blood pressure,lipid profile, weight and waist circumference with improved angina.
However, in Group 3 there was a a doubling effect in the reduction of blood pressure , body mass index and cholesterol reduction as compared to individual groups. In addition, there was also a significant improvement in left ventricle function, improved six minute walk or exercise capacity, heart rate recovery, class of angina.
Their conclusion was that a combined regime of yoga and aerobic training yielded better control of coronary risk factors.
Usually, yoga is associated with relaxation, breathing, and stretching. As previously posted, yoga can reduce blood pressure because of the combined effects of these three elements. This study seems to suggest that adding an aerobic element to a yoga practice can further increase its affect of coronary risk factors.
Yoga practitioners can incorporate active vinyasa sequences or High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) moves in the session to achieve aerobic benefits.